Short Communication

Ketamine hydrochloride - an adjunct for analgesia in dogs with burn wounds : clinical communication

K. Joubert
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 69, No 3 | a825 | DOI: | © 1998 K. Joubert | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 July 1998 | Published: 12 July 1998

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K. Joubert,

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The management of pain in patients with burn wounds is complex and problematic. Burn-wound pain is severe, inconsistent and underestimated. Patients experience severe pain, especially during procedures, until wound healing has occurred. A multi-modality approach is needed for effective management of pain, which requires an understanding of the mechanisms of pain. Altered pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in burn-wound patients makes drug actions unpredictable. Opioids alone are seldom sufficient for pain control. The multi-modality approach includes the use of opioids and non-steroidal antiinflammatory, anxiolytic and alternative drugs. Ketamine has been found to be a useful agent for analgesia in burn-wound patients; a dose of 10 mg/kg qid per os was found to be an effective adjunct to pain therapy.


Analgesia; Burn Wounds; Dog; Ketamine; Pain Management


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