Original Research

Acute effects of an anionic diet on bone mineral homeostasis in the bovine

D.E. Beighle, P.A. Boyazoglu, R.W. Hemken
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 68, No 3 | a879 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v68i3.879 | © 1997 D.E. Beighle, P.A. Boyazoglu, R.W. Hemken | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 July 1997 | Published: 13 July 1997

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D.E. Beighle,
P.A. Boyazoglu,
R.W. Hemken,

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Fifteen Friesian oxen between 12 and 18 months of age with a mean body mass of 240.7 kg were randomly assigned to diets containing 0.25 % phosphorus (P) or less, to evaluate the acute effects of an acidiogenic diet of -11.1 meq/100 g of diet dry matter, compared with a basiogenic diet of +25.6 meq/100 g or a control diet of +16.5 meq/100 g of diet dry matter calculated as (Na + K) - (Cl + S), on blood, bone and faecal P, calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) for a period of 9 weeks. Blood, bone and faecal responses to an anionic diet are described. An inverse relationship existed between bone and blood Ca, in which there was resorption from bone with increased blood Ca in response to the anionic diet. The anionic treatment group demonstrated simultaneous increases in bone, blood and faecal P concentrations at various stages of the experiment compared to the cationic and control treatment groups. Results indicate independent absorption and resorption of Ca and P into and out of bone. There was wide variation in the bone Ca:P ratio between 2.02 and 1.51 among animals fed the anionic diet, with the Ca:P ratio following Ca values and not bone P values. Bone and blood P had a linear relationship with dietary cation:anion balance (DCAB), increasing as the diet became more anionic in nature, but faecal P was curvilinear with highest concentrations at -11.1 and +25.6 meq/100 g compared to +16.5 meq/100 g. Concurrent blood, bone and faecal P increases at some stages of the experiment indicate a P-sparing effect of the anionic diet and warrants further research into the long-term effects of anions in the diet, leading to their use as a possible addition to improved licks in P-deficient areas.

Keywords

Anionic; Ca:P Ratio; Calcium; Cationic; Magnesium; Phosphorus

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