Short Communication

Treatment rationale for dogs poisoned with aldicarb (carbamate pesticide) : clinical review

L. F. Arnot, D. J.H. Veale, J. C.A. Steyl, J. G. Myburgh
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 82, No 4 | a80 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v82i4.80 | © 2011 L. F. Arnot, D. J.H. Veale, J. C.A. Steyl, J. G. Myburgh | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 May 2011 | Published: 03 May 2011

About the author(s)

L. F. Arnot,
D. J.H. Veale,
J. C.A. Steyl,
J. G. Myburgh,

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Abstract

The treatment rationale for dogs poisoned by aldicarb is reviewed from a pharmacological perspective. The illegal use of aldicarb to maliciously poison dogs is a major problem in some parts of the world. In South Africa, it is probably the most common canine poisoning treated by companion animal veterinarians. Aldicarb poisoning is an emergency and veterinarians need to be able to diagnose it and start with effective treatment immediately to ensure a reasonable prognosis. Successful treatment depends on the timely use of an anti-muscarinic drug (e.g. atropine). Additional supportive treatment options, including fluid therapy, diphenhydramine, benzodiazepines and the prevention of further absorption (activated charcoal) should also be considered. Possible complications after treatment are also briefly discussed.

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