Original Research

An experimental rat model of salt-sensitive hypertension; biochemical and morphological parameters and sympathetic nervous system

L.I. Somova, M.L. Channa, M.S. Khan
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 70, No 1 | a744 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v70i1.744 | © 1999 L.I. Somova, M.L. Channa, M.S. Khan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 July 1999 | Published: 12 July 1999

About the author(s)

L.I. Somova,
M.L. Channa,
M.S. Khan,

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to outline the characteristics of the development of hypertension and some neurohumoral, haematological and morphological factors contributing to development of high blood pressure in a genetic model of salt-sensitive rat. Characteristics of Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats, as compared to their Dahl salt-resistant (DR) controls were as follows: 1) DS rats display higher blood pressure and lower heart rate compared to DR rats as early as 1 month of age at weaning). They gradually develop hypertension at 2 months of age, irrespective of diet. Low-Na diet (0.5%NaCl) does not prevent hypertension but delays its development and ameliorates it. High Na-diet (8 % NaCl) exacerbates hypertension. 2) DS rats have retardation in body weight gain. They develop mild hypochromic anaemia. 3) After 2 months of Na loading (3 months of age), DS rats express significantly increased Na and water retention and increased plasma volume by 15 % compared to 2.8 % increase in DR rats on high-Na diet. 4) DS rats showed renal parenchymal lesions, more pronounced after Na-loading, focal atrophy of cortical tubules, mesangial matrix expansion and glomerulosclerosis. Consistent with high blood pressure were changes in renal arterioles, fibromuscular proliferation, deposition of fibrinoid material in intima. 5) Sodium loading produced increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), and sodium restriction reduced SNS responsiveness.

Keywords

Dahl Rat; Pathogenesis Of Hypertension; Salt-Resistance; Salt-Sensitivity

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