Short Communication

The resurgence of trypanosomosis in Botswana : short communication

S.P. Sharma, T.C. Losho, M. Malau, K.G. Mangate, K.B. Linchwe, W. Amanfu, T.K. Motsu
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 72, No 4 | a658 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v72i4.658 | © 2001 S.P. Sharma, T.C. Losho, M. Malau, K.G. Mangate, K.B. Linchwe, W. Amanfu, T.K. Motsu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 July 2001 | Published: 09 July 2001

About the author(s)

S.P. Sharma,
T.C. Losho,
M. Malau,
K.G. Mangate,
K.B. Linchwe,
W. Amanfu,
T.K. Motsu,

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Abstract

No sleeping sickness or nagana cases have been reported in Botswana since 1985. In view of several confirmed clinical cases of nagana and reports of heavy bovine mortality, a parasitological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of trypanosome infection in cattle in Maun and Shakawe areas of Ngamiland district. Wet blood films, buffy coat and Giemsa-stained thick and thin blood smears were used to detect trypanosomes in animals. Overall,trypanosome infection rate was 15.98%, with 5.94% and 27.29% in Maun and Shakawe respectively. The urgent need to combat trypanosomosis in Ngamiland, particularly in the Shakawe area, is highlighted, and a 3-phase integrated tsetse control strategy for this disease problem is discussed.

Keywords

Anaemia; Botswana; Cattle; Haematocrit; Nagana; Ngamiland; Tsetse Fly Resurgence; Trypanosomosis

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