Original Research

Die gevaar van wye verspreiping van weerstandbiedendheid teen wurmmiddels deur veldramprestasietoetssentra

J. A. van Wyk, P. C. van Schalkwyk, G. F. Bath, H. M. Gerber, Regina M.R. Alves
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 62, No 4 | a1783 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v62i4.1783 | © 2020 J. A. van Wyk, P. C. van Schalkwyk, G. F. Bath, H. M. Gerber, Regina M.R Alves | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 November 2018 | Published: 31 December 1991

About the author(s)

J. A. van Wyk, Seksie Helmintologie, Navorsingsinstituut vir Veeartsenykunde, South Africa
P. C. van Schalkwyk, Private practice, Birchleigh, South Africa
G. F. Bath, Fakulteit Veeartsenykunde, Universiteit van Pretoria, South Africa
H. M. Gerber, Seksie Helmintologie, Navorsingsinstituut vir Veeartsenykunde, Universiteit van Pretoria, South Africa
Regina M.R. Alves, Seksie Helmintologie, Navorsingsinstituut vir Veeartsenykunde, South Africa

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Abstract

A veld ram performance testing unit consists of an association of stud or commercial ram breeders, who compare the performance of selected rams under field conditions on common pastures. The best performers are subsequently auctioned at public sales. To date, at least 10 Merino veld ram clubs have been established in various centres in South Africa. A strain of Haemonchus contortus, which was isolated from the pastures of one of these performance testing units, was found to be resistant to ivermectin, oxfendazo1e and rafoxanide. Closantel, levamisole and disophenol were more than 99% effective. The wide dispersal of the rams after testing, constitutes a potential danger for dissemination of helminths with resistant genes. Precautionary methods should include careful routine monitoring of drug susceptibility on the communal pastures, on the farms of individual members and thorough deworming of rams before they leave the testing unit. The prevention and control of resistance in such testing units are discussed, but it is emphasised that this is difficult, particularly if the worm strains on the communal grazing have become resistant to some of the anthelmintic groups.

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