Case Report

Observations on a field outbreak of Pox Virus Infection in young Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus Niloticus)

F. W. Huchzermeyer, K. D.A. Huchzermeyer, J. F. Putterill
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 62, No 1 | a1581 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v62i1.1581 | © 2020 F. W. Huchzermeyer, K. D.A. Huchzermeyer, J. F. Putterill | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 August 2017 | Published: 30 March 1991

About the author(s)

F. W. Huchzermeyer, Veterinary Research Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa
K. D.A. Huchzermeyer, Private Practitioner, Lydensburg, South Africa
J. F. Putterill, Veterinary Research Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa

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Abstract

A field outbreak of pox virus infection in juvenile Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus), in which high morbidity and negligible mortality occurred, is described. Histopathological examination of the skin lesions revealed numerous large intracytoplasmic inclusions in the dermis and a very mild dermal inflammatory reaction. Scanning electron microscopical examination of the skin revealed the presence of large numbers of virus particles in the inclusions. Skin lesions persisted for 5 to 6 months.

Keywords

Nile crocodile; Crocodylus niloticus; pox; stress

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